HISTORY AND CULTURE

IN THE BEGINNING...

Where is the beginning? Humans have been fermenting beverages for thousands of years. So, we've had a lot of practice! We long ago determined that fermenting both preserves (or prevents spoiling) and tastes yummy.  Possibly the very first, a neolithic mixture of rice, honey, hawthorne, and grape dates ca. 7000-6600 BCE. (Source: Penn Museum.) Around the same time beer and wine are being made in the Middle East. We're going to start in the 1800s in the US. A "cocktail" was originally defined in print in New York in 1806 as combining spirits, sugar, water, and bitters. (I'll spare the...

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